Operation Grapes of Wrath

   The name applied to Israel Defense Forces (IDF) actions in Lebanon in the spring of 1996 in response to Katyusha rocket firings and terrorist attacks on Israeli civilian targets in the upper Galilee region of northern Israel. The Israeli government had been under pressure to take action toward improving security. Rocket attacks and suicide bombings in Israel had claimed more than 50 victims in February and March 1996. Israeli actions included artillery shelling and the use of helicopter gunships attacking Hezbollah targets. Israel used its air force and artillery corps but decided not to utilize ground forces. In early April 1996, Israel fired missiles and launched air strikes on southern Lebanon bases of the Iranian- and Syrian-backed Hezbollah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command. The declared intent of the operation was to protect Israeli towns, villages, and kibbutzim by pushing the terrorists out of firing range. By hitting major infrastructure projects in southern Lebanon (such as hydroelectric facilities and highways) and forcing the temporary relocation of the local population northward toward Beirut, Israel sought to achieve two additional goals: to separate the guerrilla factions from the local villages where they were hiding weapons and launching missiles at Israel and to compel the Lebanese central government to take steps to apply sovereign authority over the border region (including disarming and disbanding Hezbollah and other guerrilla factions).
   Although Operation Grapes of Wrath was initially supported by much of the Israeli public as necessary to ensure the safety of the northern population, the popular mood toward the operation shifted significantly after an errant Israeli missile killed more than 100 Lebanese civilians at a United Nations station at Kfar Qana on 18 April 1996. This incident elicited strong condemnation of Israel by the United Nations General Assembly and by the secretary general. Operation Grapes of Wrath ended with a cease-fire brokered by the United States on 26 April 1996. According to this agreement, Israel and Hezbollah (represented in the understanding by the government of Lebanon) reiterated their commitment (initially established in the context of Operation Accountability of July 1993) to avoid firing on each other's civilian populations. In addition, the 26 April 1996 agreement provided for the establishment of a multiparty monitoring group that would hear and adjudicate complaints of violations of the cease-fire and a consultative group to assist reconstruction in Lebanon.
   See also Security Zone.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Operation Grapes of Wrath — Part of the 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict …   Wikipedia

  • operation Grapes of Wrath — operation in 1996 by the Israeli military against the Hezbollah organization in Lebanon …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Operation Grapes of Wrath — n. code name of the Israeli military operation in southern Lebanon that took place in 1996 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Grapes of Wrath — may refer to: * a phrase from the first stanza of the Battle Hymn of the Republic by Julia Ward Howe, a possible allusion to Revelation 14:14 20 ( the harvest and the vintage ) and Isaiah 63:1 6. * The Grapes of Wrath , a 1939 novel by John… …   Wikipedia

  • grapes of wrath — novel by John Steinbeck; Israeli military operation in southern Lebanon in 1996 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Operation Früchte des Zorns — Datum 11. April 1996 27. April 1996 Ort Libanon und nördliches Israel Ausgang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Operation Accountability — Operation Accountability, Seven Day War Part of the 1982 2000 South Lebanon conflict Date July 25, 1993–July 31, 1993 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Wrath of God — Wrath of God redirects here. For the 1972 film by Werner Herzog, see Aguirre, the Wrath of God. For the theological concept, see divine retribution. Operation Wrath of God (Hebrew: מבצע זעם האל‎, Mivtza Za am Ha el),[nb 1] also called Operation… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Defensive Shield — Part of the Second Intifada Israeli tanks in Ramallah …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Rainbow (2004) — Operation Rainbow Part of the 2004 Israel–Gaza conflict Date May 18–23, 2004 Location Gaza Strip Result …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.